Candle Making – 2 Ways – Part 2

Candle Making Part 1

After I made the tea cup candles from wax from an unscented candle, I wanted to try to get real wax. I ordered my wax and wicks and recieved 10lbs of ‘Natural Soy Wax’ chips. Its a lot of wax, but it was pretty cheap so if you really like making candles order it. I also ordered a bag of 96 wicks! It will take me a long time to go through all of these, but I have a lot of ideas for them.

essential oils candle makingI use essential oils for several things at home but I decided to try making a scented candle with them. I found this forum on aromatherapy mixtures pretty helpful. In the forum it also mentions using cloves + Cinnamon and Lime/Lemon + Citrus’ in candles to scent it. This is going to be my next project as I experiment more.

When making candles the forum suggested, “A general rule of thumb for quantities = 1/4 oz of fragrance oil per pound of wax – and 1 teaspoon of essential oil per pound of wax. 1 teaspoon is about 5 ml essential oil – depending on viscosity.”

If you’ve never purchased Essential Oil’s you know that it is expensive and using such a large amount, each of the bottles I have are .5 FL OZ bottles. I was using small white mugs so measuring for these I wasn’t sure. I used 15 drops of each scent (I only used 2 scents per candle). I mixed the Peppermint+Eucalyptus and Tangerine+Lemongrass. For my next candles I will use 25 drops, the scent is very light, but it might be exactly what you want!

double boiler melting candle waxLike I explained in Part 1 of this series, you will make a double boiler in a large pot with a heat safe glass (I used a pyrex measuring cup that I don’t use with food) and bring the water to a boil. Stir the wax in the heat safe cup and when its melted add the essential oils.

You place the wick in the cup with something straight and rigid to hold the wick up. I used pencils; you can also use chopsticks, skewers or pens.candle_dry_Once the wax is melted completely; using oven mitts (its going to be very very hot!!!) pull the glass dish out of the water and pour it into the form you are making a candle from. You have to wait until the mug from the outside is completely cool. Usually takes a couple hours before you remove the pencils from the top.

Candle Making – 2 Ways – Part 1

I’ve had a set of tea cups sitting here for months and I wanted to do something with them instead of letting them sit on a shelf, hardly used.I started researching methods to make candles and I knew I should make candles in the tea cups. I’ve never made a candle before and I didn’t know if I would like enough to buy a bulk amount of wax, so originally I started off using supplies I bought from Target, later I ordered bulk supplies. First, I’ll show you making candles on the cheap (and it will probably make professional candle makers cringe!).

Method 1: Candle Making on the Cheap

candle-teacup

Here are the supplies:

candle making supplies1. Knife

2. An Unscented Pillar candle with 3 wicks in the middle from Target

3. Chesapeake Bay Candle Home Scents Mandarian Berry scent. These are made to place in an electronic wax warmer to scent your home, but I used these to add scent to my candle.

4. A large pot to boil water in

5. A smaller heat safe bowl (probably not one that you plan on using with food every again) I used a Pyrex Measuring cup that I usually use to craft with.

Step 1. Peel off the bottom foil sticker and use the knife to break apart the wax where the wicks are located, or if the metal plates are exposed pull lightly and the wick should just come right out of the bottom of the candle. This is different for each candle, so you may have to break apart the candle a little bit at the bottom to get the wicks loose.

Step 2. Then you will start breaking chunks of the candle off. I did this by sitting on the floor and using my knife in a stabbing motion around the edges to break pieces of the candle. I placed a bag beneath the candle to catch the chunks of the wax. Do this carefully!

after breaking apart the candleStep 3. I broke off only the amount of wax I needed to fill the 3 tea cups I had. The wax when it is melted is much less then when solid, so make sure you break off enough for the vessel you are going to fill.

uncented candle wax bitsThis was about the amount I needed to fill the 3 tea cups.

Step 4. To warm the wax you will make a double boiler. Fill the large pot with about enough water to go halfway to three-quarters up the side of the heat safe dish you are using. Then you put the wax inside the heat safe dish and place it in the middle of the pot and bring water to a boil.

double boiler melting candle waxStep 5. Once the water is boiling use a utensil to stir the wax. I used a wooden spoon that I wasn’t going to use with food. As you stir the wax will melt faster.

candle scentsStep 6. While the water is coming to a boil begin breaking up one of the wax scents. I used one whole square in the wax to make the 3 tea cup candles. I think after burning the candles, I would have put more scent in the mix.

Step 7. Once the wax is melted and clear, add the pieces of the broken up wax scents and stir until it is completely melted.

Step 8. The 3 wicks that were removed earlier are placed into the tea cups, and using anything like a pencil (like I used) or chopsticks to hold the wicks in the center of the teacup. The image shows one candle farther along in the drying process and one that was just poured.

candle_wax_pourStep 9. I know it will be tempting but keep the pencils holding the wick up until you feel the sides are completely cool.

In most cases you will see a hole developing in the top of the candle. This is something I didn’t know would happen and was a little worried, after searching on candle making forums it sounds like it something that is pretty normal. So I took suggestions and melted some more wax and added it across the top to fill the hole and add another finishing layer on the candle.

I just want to remind everyone that teacups weren’t made for candles, so please be careful while burning them and never leave them unattended. There were no problems with mine but better safe than sorry!

Check out Step 2 for Essential Oil Scented Candle Making

 

-PK